What Causes Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS)?

What Causes CRPS? | Integrated Pain Consultants, Mesa Pain Clinic

What Causes Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS)?

At Integrated Pain Consultants, we see a number of patients suffering from Complex Regional Pain Syndrome, also known as CRPS. This chronic condition often happens to the legs or arms after an injury. It’s caused by damage to the central and/or peripheral nervous system and can be categorized into either type 1 or type 2. However, the symptoms of either type can include pain, swelling, sensitivity, and even temperature and color changes to the affected limb. We also invite you to learn more about Dr. Nikesh Seth and other providers including Dr. Anne-Marie CosijnsDr. Lisa SparksDr. Michael Givens, and our team of Nurse Practitioners.

CPRS Type I and Type II

The central nervous system is made up of the brain and the spinal cord. The peripheral nervous system is a complex system that’s comprised of the brain sending messages down the spinal cord and throughout the body. If a patient doesn’t have a confirmed injury to the nerve, they’re considered type 1 or CRPS-I. In the past, this was called reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome. When there’s a confirmed injury, the patient is classified as type 2 or CRPS-II. In the past, it was called causalgia. However, as research and technology improved, experts found evidence of nerve damage with type 1 patients. There may not be two types for much longer, particularly since the treatment options are nearly identical.

The symptoms can vary in both types, both in severity and length. In severe cases, the patient may never fully recover and will suffer lifelong disability. Since both types are usually caused by an injury, anyone of any age can develop CRPS. However, it is more common in women, especially those around 40 years old. Interestingly, it’s rarely found in the elderly and children under the age of 10. Very young children, under five years old, are almost never diagnosed with either type of CRPS.

Treatment for CRPS at Integrated Pain Consultants

Integrated Pain Consultants specializes in treating CRPS with a variety of options including joint injections, ketamine infusions, medication management, spinal cord stimulation, and sympathetic block treatments. Would you like to find out more? Call Integrated Pain Consultants at 480-626-2552.

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